In the Corruption Perception Index-2013 published by Transparency International, Nepal ranks 116th, with 31 points on a scale of 0-100. Last year Nepal stood at 154th position with 27 points. This situation seems improving, however Nepal still is one of the most corrupt country in the world. The Index scores 177 countries and territories on a scale from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean). No country has a perfect score, and two-thirds of countries score below 50. This indicates a serious, worldwide corruption problem. – See more at: http://cpi.transparency.org/cpi2013/results/.
If a question “Why is Nepal underdeveloped?” is blindly thrown to the air in Nepal, it is more likely to receive the same answer “Corruption”. This may be probably none of us have been left sacred out of corruption directly or indirectly. The sectors most seriously affected and involved in corruption in Nepal are: Bureaucracy, Politics and Business, however there’s no place left without corruption.
Corruption, in general, refers to the abuse of power and/or resources for the personal, professional or financial gain. Why do people abuse their power? I had a similar post on “Who is the culprit, Politicians or Power?” I am no expert, but I believe I have come to understand human nature up to some extent. Of course, its the person who become corrupt, but its not who the real culprit is. Blaming a person for what his corruption and chatter that you would never have been corrupt, if you were in his place would just be an utopia. I say, most of us are not the corrupt one, simply because we do not have power to be so. If only we had the chance to corrupt and had an easy escape, most of us would also have been the same. A human is not born with corruption, he acquires it from the surrounding by his experience of exercising power. “Had there been no power in an individual to abuse upon other, would there be corruption?”
It is we who invited corruption in our society. It is we who provided an individual a greater power then others, that made him indifferent from other, to have the authority to exercise power upon others. Its we who provided him power to impose his decisions on others. Its we who had him the only alternative so he could conceit in his power and tend to take the benefit of it. As quoted by Lord Acton “Power tends to corrupt”, I believe its the power we grant to people or group of people that tends to corrupt rather then the man himself. For me, “the man is just a vector”. Had not he been in the place, there would be someone other doing the same or similar.
However, its not my point that corrupt people are innocent. My point is, they are not the real culprit. The system of rule by a person is the main culprit. Its however there is still a question unanswered; “Rule of Law: Will the Dream come true?” In my view, not only Nepal, but in every nation, unless and until a person or a certain group of person is powerful than law and have the power to play the law, Corruption never fades.