Addiction of dependence

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The trade versus aid Song  by Samriddhi The Prosperity Foundation provoked me again about the parasitic nature in Nepal. People have developed the psychology that  the government should provide goods and services for their life and blame the government for not being able to provide their life as they expected. According to APA Dictionary of Psychology, psychological dependence is the “dependence on a psychoactive substance for the reinforcement it provides.” This psychological dependence has become an addiction in context to Nepal and made us parasites.

At an average, I merely find people who think they are responsible for their good and bad on their own. To stop to expect from the government to prosper ourselves is one of the main war that Nepali people have to fight with themselves. And to stop to be dependent on the foreign aid is one of the war Nepal has to fight. By nature, voluntary exchange of goods, services and love amongst, have been the basics of life. Identifying the strength and resources within and converting them to the goods and services that can be exchanged voluntarily / traded with others is the only way an individual can prosper his life. And the same is valid to the nation.

 Nepal and Nepali have to break the addiction of dependence be responsible to ourselves, if we really want to prosper our life.

At Shanghai Austrian Economic Summit

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PArticipants

Group Photo With Participants of SAES

SFL SA with Palmer and Casey

Students For Liberty South Asia Team with Tom G. Palmer, Casey Lartigue, Yeonmi Park and Wolf von Laer

with Tom and Riya

With Tom G. Palmer and Riya Basnet

Socials at SAES

Social at SAES

With Ken

Social at SAES with Ken Schooland

at socials

Social at SAES with Casey Lartigue

mee

With Casey

Renee, Ani, Yeonmi, anuj (me), Casey, Riya

We the Parasites

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Humans have acquired the parasitic nature very long ago. I always come to remember my time during higher secondary education, most of the lecturers had a very speed lectures that most of the students used to miss to make the notes. I also used to miss some important points and I had a friend who used to capture everything the teacher spoke. So, I frequently had to copy some of the notes from him. I more I started to fill up the contents I missed, the more I started to miss to write the note. And by the end of the year, I had fully been depended on him to make the notes and had to copy the whole notes from him. I had become a parasite. Its not the story of single me.

According to Shlomiya Bar-Yam of New England Complex Systems Institute “A parasitic relationship is one in which one organism, the parasite, lives off of another organism, the host, harming it and possibly causing death. The parasite lives on or in the body of the host. Usually, although parasites harm their hosts, it is in the parasite’s best interest not to kill the host, because it relies on the host’s body and body functions, such as digestion or blood circulation, to live.” ( @ link ).

 

From my prospect, we Nepali are a colony of parasites, the parasite depended on the government. Some of we are parasitic by nature, most are parasitic by circumstance, but the worst ones are the parasite by choice. We expect the river to bring the gold to us, so that we could make our fortune ( The River and The Gold). We expect the government to think for us, be responsible for us, provide us education, provide us health, provide us employment, provide us food, provide us clothing, provide us shelter, provide us refreshment and everything we need to live the life we dream. We have become the parasites. This is one of the reason we are still poor. And the most worse part is we do not mind being parasite on Government. We do not see the option what we could do on our own.

But its time now, we realize that we are living poor, because we expect the government to make our fortune, which does not work any more in this competitive world. Every goods and services needs to be produced and this requires the cost, which we should be able to pay for. We must understand that if we want to be something then, we have to do something. And if we want some more, then we have to do some more. Its time now, that we own ourselves and be responsible for the good and bad for ourselves.  Yes, Nepal ! Its time for Liberty now.

Culprit for Corruption: Person or Power?

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ImageIn the Corruption Perception Index-2013 published by Transparency International, Nepal ranks 116th, with 31 points on a scale of 0-100. Last year Nepal stood at 154th position with 27 points. This situation seems improving, however Nepal still is one of the most corrupt country in the world. The Index scores 177 countries and territories on a scale from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean). No country has a perfect score, and two-thirds of countries score below 50. This indicates a serious, worldwide corruption problem. – See more at: http://cpi.transparency.org/cpi2013/results/.

If a question “Why is Nepal underdeveloped?” is blindly thrown to the air in Nepal, it is more likely to receive the same answer “Corruption”. This may be probably none of us have been left sacred out of corruption directly or indirectly. The sectors most seriously affected and involved in corruption in Nepal are: Bureaucracy, Politics and Business, however there’s no place left without corruption.

Corruption, in general, refers to the abuse of power and/or resources for the personal, professional or financial gain. Why do people abuse their power? I had a similar post on “Who is the culprit, Politicians or Power?” I am no expert, but I believe I have come to understand human nature up to some extent. Of course, its the person who become corrupt, but its not who the real culprit is. Blaming a person for what his corruption and chatter that you would never have been corrupt, if you were in his place would just be an utopia. I say, most of us are not the corrupt one, simply because we do not have power to be so. If only we had the chance to corrupt and had an easy escape, most of us would also have been the same. A human is not born with corruption, he acquires it from the surrounding by his experience of exercising power. “Had there been no power in an individual to abuse upon other, would there be corruption?”

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It is we who invited corruption in our society. It is we who provided an individual a greater power then others, that made him indifferent from other, to have the authority to exercise power upon others. Its we who provided him power to impose his decisions on others. Its we who had him the only alternative so he could conceit in his power and tend to take the benefit of it. As quoted by Lord ActonPower tends to corrupt”, I believe its the power we grant to people or group of people that tends to corrupt rather then the man himself. For me, “the man is just a vector”. Had not he been in the place, there would be someone other doing the same or similar.

However, its not my point that corrupt people are innocent. My point is, they are not the real culprit. The system of rule by a person is the main culprit. Its however there is still a question unanswered; “Rule of Law: Will the Dream come true?” In my view, not only Nepal, but in every nation, unless and until a person or a certain group of person is powerful than law and have the power to play the law, Corruption never fades.

Talks on Minimum Wage

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People tend to believe that government must fix the minimum wage level for any task, and they should increase the amount timely. We used to have various discussions when I was in college. We do study for years with a large amount of economic investment? And what we get? A job of 12 thousands salary per month? (around 15 thousands in discussion nowadays). It will take 3-4 yrs only to earn the spent money and do not know when to save the amount that was invested. Then whats the use of studying years spending hundred thousands of sum? Therefore the government must make the minimum wage/salary laws: this was what used to be the conclusions of most of the discussions.

But after my college, there have been more discussions about the minimum wage laws and increasing the amount. Unions organize various strikes for the issue, political parties supported the strike. Surya Nepal Private Limited had  to shut down the company permanently because of the strike organized by the unions. There are many other examples shut down of industries because of the disharmony between the employee and employer in Nepal.

I was just going through an article: Minimum Wage Laws: Sabotaging the Ladder of Economic Opportunity . I thought this is just the issue we go through many of the times, motivating me to write this content.

Anybody establishes a firm with the purpose of making profit and runs the firm to make better profit. The firm may be different, service may be different, strategy may be different, but the final motive is always making better and better profit may be in terms of money, share, goodwill or any other they believe to be profit. Every will be doing it, including me. And this particularly in not an offense. Every body have the right to make his living without coercing the right of other.

How does an employer hire employee? How does he pays?

The factor that matters to any businessman is profit. He does not bother to hire more and more workers until and unless he thinks he can make better profit from the hiring. Better profit may include the better working efficiency or the better efficiency to salary ratio. I believe nobody bothers to pay more if he can make more from him. The employer never hires men for $10 to have the output of $9.99 (just for an example), he would rather not perform the task. But I believe he would be pleased to pay $15 for the output of lets say $16, that makes him profit.

What’s bad in Minimum Wage and what’s good?

What’s good? Employee gets better salary for their job.

What’s bad? Employers get less attracted in hiring the manpower. Cut offs of job. Increase in work pressure. Unemployment increase. Unexperienced get lesser chances to get the first job. Production cost increase. Cost of the product increase.

What in my view :

Many high school students come to me and ask a question: Which subject has a better scope? Which subject shall I study and/or try to study? I generally answer: “There’s no relation in the subject you study and the altitude you reach after the study. The same study has made people earn 4 digit salary and the same study has made people earn 6 digit earning and this occurs regardless of the subject you study. What height you receive in your career depends on our own ability regardless of the study or profession you choose. Therefore, its better you choose your field of interest”. This however is not the answer I made myself. I know this because I had once the same question and had got similar answer.

Regarding the minimum wage: Its only the job of union leaders, so that they get an issue to get support of the existing labors and bargain management. Political parties favor them to get the votes. Of course increment of earning of workers in itself is good but what comes up along with it should never be blinded. While completing a cycle, I see no profit to the low income people themselves. Its just the numeric value increase not the living standard while completing a cycle. (Cycle: Minimum wage increase — cost of production increase —- cost of product increase — consume the product in increase price). Only the thing that happens in between is the Government collects higher tax and this is fruitful only for a corrupt leaders and government. I would better prefer in increasing the skills of an individual so as to be able to increase the earning.

Understanding Rights

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I have found no person uninterested about “Rights”. When I was a kid, I was taught in the school about the three fundamental rights : Food, Clothing and Shelter. Neither my teachers felt necessary to let me know about how they get fulfilled nor had I any interest in knowing. I had just considered those 3 aspects of life as fundamental rights. Nowadays, people have added many things in the list like: Water, electricity, education, health, speech, information, employment, recreation, reservation etc according to the society they are inhabiting and according to their convenience. Many of the times we have answers rumbling around us, but we remain unanswered. On going through “Man’s Right” by Ayn Rand, it was the first time I get a clear picture.

“At whose expense?”, the question by her, struck in my head deep. At whose expense should one be provided with food, clothing, shelter or any other so called rights. Who is responsible for “Right to life” of a man?, he himself, the government or other third party? In the article, Rand clearly illustrates: “the right to life means that a man has the right to support his life by his own work (on any economic level, as high as his ability will carry him); it does not mean that others must provide him with the necessities of life.”

Similar for the case of property and speech respectively as: the right to property means that a man has the right to take the economic actions necessary to earn property, to use it and to dispose of it; it does not mean that others must provide him with property. The right of free speech means that a man has the right to express his ideas without danger of suppression, interference or punitive action by the government. It does not mean that others must provide him with a lecture hall, a radio station or a printing press through which to express his ideas.

This helped me to understand the right of an individual more clearly. I am completely convinced with Rand about the only one fundamental right i.e. man’s right to his life (this entails his freedom to act on his own judgement, for his own goals, by his own voluntary, un-coerced choice) and all other entities to be the consequences and corollaries of his action. One has the right to education, it does not mean he should be given it freely. Every goods and services should be produced and if some man are entitled to by right to the product of others, it means the producers are deprived of their right. Taking the goods of others in free is stealing and make others provide service in free is enslavement. And nobody has the right of stealing or enslaving others. The conclusion is rights does not mean getting goods and services in free, right refers to get those through voluntary exchange in between.

What about the government? We pay the tax and in return the government should provide them in free.

Is it? I am not convinced.

What is the source of income of the government?

Tax.

Who Pays?

Economically active citizen.

Who receives?

Shared Amongst all for common good.

Then theres some questions. Are not economically passive getting the output of the toil of others? Isn’t it an enslavement?

Who gives the government authority to collect tax? They take them from coerced policy and law. Isn’t it stealing to take the outcome of others by force wherever they use? Isn’t stealing a stealing if its for noble purpose?

Then how can a government run to provide the facilities to people? I now say, why should the government provide the goods and services produced by others? The producers shall manage them. We all know how better we care and manage our property comparative to others.

Then whats the role of government? The answer is simple “Protect the rights of its citizen” through rational rule of law and voluntary exchange of the service.

In general, we have always been expecting the government to take better care of us and provide us the every goods and services. But being rational, we must think “How it comes?” I say – I no longer need the care of the government if it comes from theft. Being a man, I believe in myself that I have the ability to have my living on my own strength. I can support myself from voluntary exchange of my skills, knowledge and toil. In fact, each of us can, and most of us are doing so. Understanding rights helps to change our attitude regarding how we live our life. I just want to leave a question at last: “Do we want to enslave others and/or steal?

Culture of blames

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Blaming others has always been easy excuse from the personal weakness. I remember my leadership training, where “Sen. Raj Bimal Shrestha”, focused on one sentence “Every Excuse Are Lies“. This has always been my motivating factor to seek better opportunities, to compete and to lead, wherever I have been afterwards.

The “Culture of Blames” has become a great disease in context to Nepal. I even think I would have been victim of it, if only had I not attained that training. I consider myself lucky enough in this regard.

Every day, I meet the victim of this disease in my surrounding and most prominently in the “Facebook”. Being surrounded by the diseased ones of-course is an unpleasant feelings, but it’s a truth.

Our bureaucrats and politicians have become corrupt and they no more care about the nation and public. The political transition and government inconsistency has led the investors fear to invest. Educated unemployed population is increasing. Cost of goods and services has increased. Poverty increasing. Loadshedding increasing. Scarcity of water increasing. Inappropriate Labor Cost. Etcetera.

I consider these are all the blames. The blames to hide ones weakness and failure. May be true, but they are not the excuse that you are unemployed or your business is getting down, or you are paid low. I believe “The day You Stop Blaming Others Is The Day, You Begin To Discover, Who You Truly Are“. I do not find it convincing that you do not have the skills to get employed and you blame others or you lack the skills to paid enough and you blame others. Complete a degree has never been the completion of the criteria to get employed in the job you want. You must look at yourself, why you are unemployed even after completing your education in spite of blaming others.

It was your fear, that you could not start you business or your inability to convince the investors to invest in your business. You did not had the courage to start risk your capital or you lacked the confidence for it. Its your fault that you fail. You cannot blame others not even the government for you not being able to earn.

It was your fault that you only saw an opportunity in the water scarce area. It was your fault you depended on “Nepal Electricity Corporation” solely for electricity. It was your fault to be not able to penetrate the corrupt system to do what you wanted.

I simply believe “If we realize what we are capable to do in the given environment, and be responsible of the good and bad of own inspire of blaming others, then we will never fail“. We need to kick off the Culture of Blames, if we want to succeed. Blaming others never gonna change any thing.