Is Nepal poor? Then why is so?

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We can divide people in around 2:1 ratio for the answer of the question “Is Nepal poor?”, majority saying “Yes” and remaining saying “No, but Yes”. However, if we take a LCM, Yes is the lowest common factor for the Question. Nepal is among the world’s poorest countries. One third of people live below poverty line. More than a quarter population are insufficiently fed and some 7 percent of people are worried about meeting two inns every day.

Why is Nepal Poor?

Discussing on the topic we can come through various points from the educational, social, geographical, political and various factors that has led Nepal to be poor, some of which I would like to discuss.

1. More than 60% Nepali do not have higher education

2. Nepal is a land-locked country (No sea border), and between two densely populated and powerful countries

3.Complicated Geography with more than 60% area falls in Mountainous region

4. Majority of Nepali cannot read, write and/or speak English

5. Corruption

6. Immoral Politicians

7. Manpower and Brain Drain

More or less we come to feel each of the reasons are the factor that has caused our country to be poor. But in my understanding all of these are just the part of our Culture of Blames. For me “Every excuse are Lies”, and all these reasons are just the excuses each of us make to blame the nature and group of people to separate ourselves apart of it.

1. The fact may be true that more than 60% percent of people do not have higher education. But I find no clue, how this affects the country to be poor in a real sense. If higher education was the factor responsible for people being poor, then around 60% people should have been below poverty line, which does not applies. Neither does it apply that none of the educated ones are living below poverty line. I can say it, because I have seen the scenario of many graduates living the life below poverty line. We have a mixed population of with and without higher education living in various level of life standard. In fact, except come exceptions, most of the people with higher education in Nepal are living poorer lifestyle than many of those with no higher education. In fact, education does not teach people how to become rich. Its the knowledge, experience, skills and literacy within a person, that determines the lifestyle one tend to achieve.

2. Switzerland and Hungary in Europe and Mongolia are also the land locked countries that have significantly higher lifestyle. Belgium and Luxembourg are also between comparatively dense populated and powerful countries Germany and France. If they can be developed, why not Nepal. It can just be an excuse not a real reason.

3. The geographical feature of Nepal in unique and comprises of around 3500 micro climate. This provides Nepal to grow most variety of crops than any other country in the world and I view it as a positive aspect. Nepal bears 8 tallest peak of the world out of ten along with the peak of the world “Mt. Everest“. The beauty of mountains is famous all around the world. The main problem is not the mountains and the geographical complication, the problem is we do not know what we have got and how to manage it for the benefit. How can we say the geographical feature to be barrier for Nepal to develop when we have not used it to produce goods and services and acted it just as a burden.

4. English language skills is not at all a constraint for development. We can look at the example of Thailand, Belgium, Korea and many more who developed even after hating English.

5. Corruption is a common problem for all developing and developed countries. Even India is not untouched by it for a nearer example. It bears a share but not the real reason why Nepal is poor.

6. Nepal and India share almost the same sort of Politicians, who forget the election agendas after the election and the voters after they have voted. So, why is India having one of the world’s fastest developing country and Nepal remaining almost same.

7. Philippines is the most exporting country in terms of  Manpower. In fact, this export was one of the main reason what Philippines have achieved. The exported manpower are in fact generating more revenue and contributing more for the development of the country then similar ones residing inside. There are exceptions for everything and exceptions cannot be the reason why Nepal is poor.

Mental and physical poverty are related to each other.We are poor because of our Culture of Blames, when something goes wrong. We never take responsibility even of ourselves and look at others to do for us. We are always eager to take the credit of that good thing which we were never part of. Not only the leaders of Nepal are suffered from this illness but all sections of populations. We are more eager to preserve what we possess then to generate we do not have.

Unless and until we Nepali do not change our attitude towards entrepreneurship, and relay on limited enterprises to support our general livelihood, we never develop, we never grow rich. History is evident that, only the industrial revolution can enhance the living standard of people and industrial revolution is only possible when we have Free Market,  a market in which there is no economic intervention and regulation by the state, except to enforce private contracts and the ownership of property. Trade policy in Nepal is really one of the constricting factor blocking Nepal for the economic development.

The answer for “Why is Nepal poor?” is really complicated, but it is the fact that no nation can develop without appropriate trade policy and entrepreneurs.

The River and The Gold

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Once upon a time, there was a village, at the bank of a river. People in the village had the belief that the river sometimes used to bring pieces of gold and leave at the bank of the river.

There lived a small child, who heard about the tale of the river and the gold. He then decided to make his fortune from the gold that the river brings. He therefore spend much of his times at the bank of the river searching for the gold and waiting for the gold. Days past and years past. The child grew up to a young man and as he grew up, his believe became more and more stronger. He believed “in these past many years gold has never been brought by the river, so it will be brought soon at any time, why not to wait some more”. He made a hut at the bank and lived there waiting the day that the river will some day bring the piece of gold flowing and he could make his fortune. Years passed and decades passed. He grew old and died, but the river never brought the gold flowing to him.

He believeb so desperately on the tale of the river that he could never think about quiting to wait for the river. He waited his whole life for the river, he saw various size and changes in the river and water year by year. He prayed the river for years, then blamed and then cursed still then he could not stop himself from expecting a fortune from the river. He could have done many things to make his fortune on his own, but he never tried because he could never give up the mindset he had in his mind to make the fortune.

There are many such mindsets in the mind of Nepali people that I see daily making people look upon other to make self fortune.

I have listed below the major two mindsets that reminded me the tale of the :”The River and the Gold”

1. Government should think of the good and bad of its people. It should be responsible in creating the employment opportunity to its people. It should be powerful enough to bound the people in its plans and strategy to bring prosperity and fortune to every people.

I just question myself: Should government think of the good and bad of me or me myself? Who can think better about me, myself or some other people in government? Should I look at the government to feed my two inns? Am I to hide my weakness to compete to find the job you want and blame government to not to find the job you want? Should the government be that much powerful to bring prosperity and fortune to you or other people? What if it becomes powerful and corrupt handles it?

2. One should get the value of education. If I have completed a bachelors/ masters degree and I do not find a job in the place I want with the salary and other benefits, people do not know the value of education. It is just because I did not have proper family background and / or links to support me.

I just question myself: Which is valuable education or knowledge ? or skills? Do we need an automated system of life style to fix up study this subject and get your job there with that salary and benefits? If so, what will be difference in some sort of software and human life? Do not I have to look at myself and analyze why I am not getting a way to employ? Does it mean, if I do not find the job of my criteria, people around are wrong or the system is wrong? Or do
I have to filter my criteria? Is my family background everything to support my employment or I lacked some thing others too to fail. Is it the fault of the links to not to be in your accessible or my fault to create and or manage the links?

talking about freedom of choice in academics

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academic freedom, the freedom of teachers and students to teach, study, and pursue knowledge and research without unreasonable interference or restriction from law, institutional regulations, or public pressure. Its basic elements include the freedom of teachers to inquire into any subject that evokes their intellectual concern; to present their findings to their students, colleagues, and others; to publish their data and conclusions without control or censorship; and to teach in the manner they consider professionally appropriate. For students, the basic elements include the freedom to study subjects that concern them and to form conclusions for themselves and express their opinions.

To the academics where major of the studies are theoretical, few vocational and rare practicals, education is believed to be burden in the earlier days. Only rare students are seen to enjoy learning, however most of the others in reality study for parents and friends. The main reason is compulsory theory subjects with no interest. And most of the schools also have optional subjects taught compulsorily i.e. no optional subjects for the students to choose to study.

The first time a student have the chance to choose is after 10, for the higher secondary study. However, lots of social and family restrictions exist in selecting the subjects. I have seen only few students who choose the subjects with real interest. Some choose the subjects to remain with friends, some because of availability, some by teachers and parents reference and some so called brilliant students in school to choose science as a morality, because of social pressure.

A year back, I met a lecturer from my high school, who found difficulty remembering me. But, after introducing him as his student in science faculty, in high-school, he soon offered me a cup of tea with him. I was very pleased to his response, but on further chats, I was very astonished when he categorized students in reference to the faculty he taught. I soon realized, if only had I been his student in Arts Faculty, I would not have been offered the tea. He was just an example of categorizing students on basis of faculty in high school, entire society has different prospect regarding the subject one studies and the social existence in reference to their study. When I was doing my bachelors at Dharan, I found many houses who only rented the students of “Central Campus of Technology” a science college, despite there were many other colleges teaching other faculties.

This social categorization of students derived from the profession hierarchy decided by the society, they will be engaged in Future. Our education system is more driven by the social beliefs and restriction then by our inner will. Until the discrimination among students exists, there exists a social barrier in the freedom of choice in academics.

Although we have no formal restriction, in practice we have restrictions for the freedom of choice in academics. I consider freedom of choice in academics, is the basics of academic freedom, which is a target to achieve by continuous change in the concept of people and we ourselves.